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  Cause of Death

An Absence of Statistics

 

 Due to the parameters and complexities of substance-related fatalities it is virtually impossible  to assess the number of annual deaths. CDC statistics are based on the official cause of death, as  listed on an individual's death certificate. CDC guidelines stipulate that only a Medical Examiner,  Funeral Director, Physician, or Coroner can determine why a person died, not contributing factors.

 

Only cases in which the incident or accident has criminal or liability-related ramifications, or for  a famous person, are toxicology examinations ordered. Even when a substance is discovered,  medical examiners and doctors are charged to list the cause of death, versus speculating on  contributing factors. With the exception of suicide, cases of obvious alcohol or drug over-dose, such as  with actor, Philip Seymour Hoffman, are classified as accidental, or heart failure.

 



Below are three separate examples preventing an accurate assessment. 

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Drugs and Alcohol

 

In a case where a person taking several medications for various health problems, and also abusing narcotics dies, the medical examiner or ER physician must access if they died due to health, a drug interaction, or the 15 Percocet tablets they took, or perhaps the alcohol they drank.

Whitney Houston

 

In the case of Whitney Houston, the toxicology report listed 3 substances that could have caused her death, yet her death certificate indicated that she died from 'accidental drowning', with a secondary cause of 'heart disease'.

Carrollton Church-bus accident

 

In the tragic Carrollton church-bus accident, where a person under the influence crashed into a school bus, killing 27 children and adults, the official “cause of death” of the innocent passengers were blunt force trauma, respiratory collapse, heart failure, blood loss, etc. Though the alcohol-induced driver caused the accident, 27 fatalities could not be categorized as drug or alcohol related.

15 Leading Causes of Death in 2010

1. Heart Disease 599,413

 

2. Cancer 567,628

 

 Chronic lower respiratory diseases 137,353

 

4. Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) 128,842

 

5. Accidents (unintentional injuries) 118,021 4

 

6. Alzheimer’s disease 79,003

 

7. Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) 79,003

 

8. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease) 48,935

 

9. Influenza and pneumonia 53,692

 

10. Intentional self-harm (suicide) 36,909

 

11. Septicemia 35,639

 

12. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 30,558

 

13. Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease 25, 734

 

14. Parkinson’s disease 20, 565

 

15. Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids 18,090

 

         A Sad Reality

 

Because these tragedies cannot be tracked, they seem to fly under the radar, leading the 

public and government officials to believe we don’t have a serious drug or alcohol

problem. Statistics provided by NIDA, SAMSHA, & the AMA, as listed on our "Addiction" 

page clearly indicate that we are facing an epidemic which is reaching younger kids each year.